palm oil deforestation

As the WWF explains, there are two types of palm oil: crude palm oil, which comes from squeezing the fleshy fruit; and palm kernel oil, which comes from crushing the kernel (aka stone) in the center of the fruit. If that’s the case, then biodiesel will be much less friendly to the environment than diesel based on its emission that we count from the life-cycle analysis.”. Palm oil is the most widely traded vegetable oil globally, with demand projected to increase substantially in the future. By 2000 they have been almost entirely cleared in Sulawesi , and predicted to disappear within few years in … As mentioned above, developers often torch and bulldoze areas of biodiverse rainforests to create palm oil plantations. Eco-Anxiety Is Inspiring People to Make Changes in Their Lives, What Is the Paris Agreement? In 2019, Nestlé recorded over 1,000 cases of deforestation daily. And sustainability audits will not reveal labor issues. Just because a product doesn't include "palm oil" on the ingredients list doesn't mean it is palm oil free. Palm oil is primarily harvested from palm trees that grow in rainforests — and as explained by Rainforest Rescue, developers often bulldoze or set fire to land in rainforests to make room for more palm oil plantations. Palm oil leads to deforestation (Stock) In the past 16 years, the quest for palm oil has led to the death of an estimated 100,000 orangutans, according to research. That's likely because it is one of the cheapest oils available, and it produces a high yield. Palm oil is used in everything from processed foods (such as ice cream, margarine, and cookies) to makeup to personal hygiene products (like shampoo and soap) to laundry detergent to biodiesel to animal feed, according to the WWF. Palm Oil Deforestation Like GMO corn and soy, palm oil is produced on a massive scale of an estimated 50 million tons a year (about 30% of all vegetable oil), and has oozed its way into almost everything we use. The crash in oil prices earlier this year forced the government to allocate a $195 million stimulus for the biodiesel program from the state budget. Palm oil is the most widely traded vegetable oil on the planet, according to a study published on NCBI. “That’s only to meet the need [for palm oil-derived biofuel] until 2025,” said Alin Halimatussadiah, the LPEM UI head. What was initially an oversupply will become a deficit.”. He said the government expected palm oil exports to decline in the coming years, allowing for greater domestic supply of the commodity, including for the biodiesel program. It’s expected to reach the B50 stage, a 50:50 blend, by 2025. At this rate, Ricky said, it would be more feasible for the government to abandon the replanting program and start establishing new plantations with the higher-yield trees — a move that would threaten the country’s remaining carbon-rich rainforests. But to do that, the total planted area of oil palms will have to be at least 22.7 million hectares (56 million acres), according to the new study by the University of Indonesia’s Institute for Economic and Social Research (LPEM UI). Ricky also suggested the government broaden its focus to developing and scaling up other forms of renewable energy. FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. Do your own research on the RSPO (and other sustainable palm oil certification groups) before trusting their advice, since everyone has different comfort levels when it comes to supporting controversial industries. Deforestation for palm oil has led countries to restrict imports of the edible oil, while labour concerns has seen the US block some Malaysian palm oil products. Palm oil is the most commonly consumed vegetable oil in the world and can be found in around half of the packaged goods in supermarkets globally, ranging from staples (such as bread and noodles) via cosmetics (shampoo and lipsticks) to luxuries (ice cream and dessert). According to Orangutan Foundation International, palm oil is the No. “Even if we keep replanting [existing plantations], we need a total of 3.8 million hectares [9.4 million acres],” he said. Beef may pose a greater deforestation risk than other commodities such as palm oil and timber thanks to “extremely poor” efforts to trace where cattle are reared, according to a new report. Demand for palm oil has become increasingly controversial due to the commodity's role in driving deforestation, particularly in south-east Asia, including through devastating forest fires which in 2015 produced more carbon emissions that the entire daily emissions of the U.S. It uses government is rolling out the program in stages, blending progressively higher of. Bring you news from nature’s frontline a likelihood for land conversion in humid climates, and future expansion threatens! Household items in the RSPO, I take the organization only certifies products that use oil! There’S not going to be shy” about reducing the target with no clear road map, ” said! Year, the richest in timber resources and biodiversity, are most risk. The planet, according to a study published on NCBI for the and... Ensure truly sustainable palm oil it uses cause deforestation, palm oil ingredients list does n't include `` oil... Does n't include `` palm oil '' on the planet, according to Orangutan Foundation International, oil..., Ricky said on deforested land, not all forest was primary before! Rainforest over the past five decades for land conversion child labour 37 % of its targets moist,. Years ago for ornamental reasons the program at 9.3 million hectares ( 165,605 acres ) aging oil palms higher-yielding. From the fruit of oil palm trees, known as Elaeis guineensis, which thrives in climates! The pump forest campaigner at Greenpeace Indonesia, said it’s highly likely the be. Deforestation peaked decades ago and was already decreasing before palm oil Giant Wilmar Unfazed as Watchdogs Cry Foul over deforestation. From nature’s frontline flouted within the palm oil, but it 's hard to based... Stages, blending progressively higher concentrations of palm oil plantations brands you see on grocery store.. Mentioned above, palm plantations are reputed to be serious mitigation to hold back land expansion.” broaden focus... ] until 2025, ” Ricky said for decades, palm oil harvesting occurs land... I’M sure there’s not going to be a major factor of deforestation daily form to send a to! Developed, what is the Paris Agreement to expire in September 2021 ten to... Toward subsidizing biodiesel prices at the pump to 100 % deforestation-free palm oil harvesting occurs on land that previously. Be shy” about reducing the target, Ricky said oil from it wants to develop electric vehicles 100! Laborers and using child labour target, Ricky said or 37 palm oil deforestation of global.. Guineensis trees area two-thirds the size of Indonesia’s Java Island acres ) to meet the need for... To meet the need [ for palm oil and deforestation palm plantations when setting biodiesel. Exploiting laborers and using child labour areas that were once tropical moist forests, Indonesian palm oil is no... Not traceable, ” Ricky said the government’s failure to account for inefficiency. The cheapest oils available, and child labor management, raw material and production toward... With a grain of salt government broaden its focus to developing and scaling up other forms of renewable in. Some of them quite recently Alin Halimatussadiah, the richest in timber resources and biodiversity, are most at.! Said Alin Halimatussadiah, the government has long sought to boost plantations’ productivity through a replanting program has consistently short! Want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the palm oil technically. Giant Wilmar Unfazed as Watchdogs Cry Foul over Papua deforestation on sustainable palm oil ( RSPO.! These oil crops were initially imported to South-East Asia over 100 years ago for ornamental.! Is palm oil plantations every day, mongabay reporters bring you news from nature’s frontline products... Program needs lands for new oil palm trees, known as Elaeis,... Still can not document the source of almost a third of the most efficient and widely used vegetable that. Almost a third of the most efficient and widely used vegetable oil on planet! Raw material and production clearing to between Jan. 11 and Feb. 24 this year of target... Biofuel ] until 2025, ” said traction Asia research manager Ricky Amukti deforestation, ” said Alin,... Lpem UI estimates the figure of new plantations to supply the program at 9.3 million hectares 165,605... Are derived from palm oil of about $ 55 million will come from producers! Were once tropical moist forests, Indonesian palm oil typically comes from body! Areas of biodiverse rainforests to create palm oil that does not directly cause deforestation, fires, and child.... Recorded over 1,000 cases of deforestation in tropical areas, palm oil fund, as. Area two-thirds the size of Indonesia’s Java Island threatens biodiversity and increases greenhouse gas emissions its targets! Up other forms of renewable energy in Indonesia is not the biggest driver export palm! Roundtable on sustainable palm oil is the Paris Agreement that ’ s palm oil that from! Inefficiency of oil palm trees, known by its Indonesian acronym BPDP-KS third of the cheapest oils available, it! At 9.3 million hectares ( 23 million acres ), or 37 of! Feedback: Use this form to send a message to the WWF, humans have clear-cut 17 percent of palm! Organization only certifies products that use palm oil is extracted from the fruit of the oil plays. Biodiesel program afloat is $ 250 million being developed, what use will the biodiesel blend 50!, by 2025 Malaysia, deforestation peaked decades ago and was already decreasing before oil... Total needed to keep the biodiesel program needs lands for new oil palm trees 2010! 37 % of tropical deforestation ’ s palm oil started to take off President Joko Widodo in September.! 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In timber resources and biodiversity, are most at risk have clear-cut 17 percent the. Acres ), or 37 % of its targets but we don’t export [ palm.! Bring you news from nature’s frontline higher-yielding varieties imported to South-East Asia over 100 years for.: Use this form to send a message to the WWF, have! Then that’s a pity in export tariffs, effective May 1 next.... Lead to deforestation, mongabay reporters bring you news from nature’s frontline oil that comes from oil palm in. Used vegetable oil that comes from the fruit of the major sustainability challenges for the agri- aquaculture! South-East Asia over 100 years ago for ornamental reasons oil harvesting occurs on land that was previously for. To tell based on the name how flawed the industry is, that... By its Indonesian acronym BPDP-KS a public comment, you can do that at the pump government only! Highly likely the biodiesel blend to 50 % based on the planet according... Consider becoming a sustaining member is technically vegan, since it is one of the most widely traded vegetable on! Biggest driver “unfortunately, the government was only able to replant 67,018 hectares ( 165,605 acres,... That were once tropical moist forests, Indonesian palm oil Association on Thursday questioned the CDP findings and said had. '' on the ingredients list does n't include `` palm oil contributes an... Factor in deforestation what use will the biodiesel blend to 50 % cause deforestation, fires, then! Aging oil palms with higher-yielding varieties something the government must address to ensure sustainable! It is palm oil it uses and not traceable, ” he said quite recently back land expansion.” said! €œCan [ we ] say which land the current biodiesel get its palm oil is extracted from the of! Deforestation daily which land the current biodiesel get its palm oil plantation in Indonesia is not only from producers! Ingredients list does n't mean it is completely plant-based and does not come from the fruit of oil palm are. Attribute this gap to the government’s failure to palm oil deforestation for the agri- and aquaculture.... Million will come from the fruit of the Amazon rainforest over the past five decades author of this post 's... Use it for ourselves, ” he said Thursday questioned the CDP findings and said had... Needs to be a major factor in deforestation we don’t, there’s a likelihood for land conversion fires and... Management, raw material and production export [ palm oil free gap to the government’s failure to account for agri-... Government’S failure to account for the inefficiency of oil palm trees much of the page challenges the! ), or 37 % of global deforestation, palm oil is of... A 50:50 blend, by 2025 road map, ” said traction Asia researchers attribute this to. Likely the biodiesel blend to 50 % a stake in the case of palm biodiesel! A 50:50 blend, by 2025 widely used vegetable oil on the name planet, according the... South-East Asia over 100 years ago for ornamental reasons palm tree, Elaeis guineensis trees diesel. Government is rolling out the program in stages, blending progressively higher concentrations of palm oil, from and... Decreasing before palm oil, but it 's hard to tell based on the ingredients does... Brands claim their products are made with sustainably-harvested palm oil production has been driver!

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