what genus is the common dandelion in

Workmen in the furnaces and potteries of the industrial towns of the Midlands have frequent resource to many of the tonic Herb Beers, finding them cheaper and less intoxicating than ordinary beer, and Dandelion stout ranks as a favourite. Taraxacum californicum. The dandelion’s name comes from the French phrase “dent de lion”, which means "lion's tooth". Posted by December 12, 2020 Leave a comment on dandelion species name December 12, 2020 Leave a comment on dandelion species name Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers", "Taraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)", "The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day", "Taraxalisin -- a serine proteinase from dandelion Taraxacum officinale Webb s.l", Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum_officinale&oldid=994855960, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 21:59. [52], Yellow dye colors can be obtained from the flowers but little color can be obtained from the roots of the plant. Comments: There are about 2500 species of Dandelion but species delimitations for Australia are unclear. Taraxacum officinale grows from generally unbranched taproots and produces one to more than ten stems that are typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, but sometimes up to 70 cm (28 in) tall. These European dandelions can be divided into two groups. Not generally used in the home landscape. The common name comes from the French “dent de lion”—tooth of lion—referring to the sharp leaf lobes. (1998) found that taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0. Subordinate Taxa. Sexual reproduction involves a reduction of the somatic chromosome number by meiosis followed by a restoration of the somatic chromosome number by fertilization. You'll get a fun kids wildlife magazine packed…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. Species. The scientific name of Dandelion is Taraxacum while its common name is Dandelion. Wigg. Taraxacum officinale L. (dandelion) is a vigorous weed in Europe with diploid sexual populations in the southern regions and partially overlapping populations of diploid sexuals and triploid or tetraploid apomicts in the central and northern regions. Its blooms resemble some of the species of Sonchus, but are larger. Taraxacum officinale F.H. [14], The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages,[15][16] and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale . The leaves (called dandelion greens) can be eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad. Wigg. December 3, 2020. common dandelion genus Taraxacum officinale F.H. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. [43], T. officinale has a fossil record that goes back to glacial and interglacial times in Europe. It has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant; a deep taproot; a smooth, hollow stem; and a solitary yellow flower head composed only of … Dandelion Beer is a rustic fermented drink common in many parts of the country and made also in Canada. Comments: There are about 2500 species of Dandelion but species delimitations for Australia are unclear. Wigg. – dandelion P: Species Taraxacum officinale F.H. They are native to Eurasia and North America, and two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. Genus. Dandelion salad is often accompanied with hard-boiled eggs. They are probably closest in character to mustard greens. Origin. Wigg. The leaves are high in beta-carotene, vitamin C and iron. [51], Dandelion has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, North America, and China. [50], T. officinale's diuretic properties have been well described, with the leaves of this plant having been used for this purpose in traditional Chinese medicine for approximately 2,000 years, with other regions of the world using the plant in the same way; in French, a common name for T. officinale is pissenlit, 'a colorful description of its diuretic activity.' The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. Plants have milky latex and the leaves are all basal; each flowering stem lacks bracts and has one single flower head. Counting down the clock as you blow the fluffy seeds from the head of a Common Dandelion is a familiar game to each and every one of us. The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. The phrase refers to … Genus Taraxacum F.H. Registered charity number 207238. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… Taraxacum F.H. Diploid dandelions have eight pairs of chromosomes, and meiosis is regular with normal pairing of homologous chromosomes at the metaphase I stage of meiosis. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. The monofloral dandelion honey is derived from the nectar of flowers in the genus Taraxacum. The seeded dandelion head is an incredible efficient means of population. << Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Dandelion. [55], Taraxalisin is a serine proteinase found in the latex of dandelion roots. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The plant has bright yellow flowers that are made of many tiny florets. In April they almost dominate the landscape. [12], The leaves are 5–45 cm (2.0–17.7 in) long and 1–10 cm (0.39–3.94 in) wide, and are oblanceolate, oblong, or obovate in shape, with the bases gradually narrowing to the petiole. Post navigation ← Previous News And Events Posted on December 2, 2020 by The leaf margins are typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often lacerate or toothed with sharp or dull teeth.[11]. dandelion [Eng. Green-veined White on Dandelion ©Katrina Martin/2020VISION, Looking a bit like a ragged version of a dandelion, Mouse-ear hawkweed has lemon-yellow flower heads that are tinged with red at their…, The green spaces of our towns and gardens bring nature into our daily lives, brightening our mornings with birdsong and the busy buzzing…, Family Wildlife Trust membership, great for ideas for things to do with the kids. – dandelion. Ground roasted dandelion root can be used as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute. Plants typically have 24 or 40 pairs of chromosomes, while some have 16 or 32 pairs. ceratophorum) is native there.[25]. These 'dandelion clocks' can carpet a grassland in fluffy white pillows straight after the bright yellow, gaudy flowers have already coloured it gold. The Flora of Victoria (1994) list two Australian native species (Native Dandelion – T. cygnorum from the far south-west and Mountain Dandelion – T. aristum from the subalpine ranges) and one species group, one unnamed species and four sections containing the introduced species. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Taraxacum officinale technically also gets called dandelion (and common dandelion) in addition to the genus as a whole. It is estimated that more than 97,000,000 seeds/hectare could be produced yearly by a dense stand of dandelions. ... Genus. [26], The second group consists of polyploid (mostly triploid) apomicts, meaning that both a viable embryo as well as a functional endosperm is formed without prior fertilization. [47], Dandelions are harvested from the wild or grown on a small scale as a leaf vegetable. [54] It may be related to the Greek word ταρασσω (tarasso) meaning to disturb. [36], The dandelion is a common colonizer of disturbed habitats, both from wind blown seeds and seed germination from the seed bank. The plants are adaptable to most soils and the seeds are not dependent on cold temperatures before they will germinate but they need to be within the top 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.[25]. Some taxonomists have divided up the genus Taraxacum into many different species based upon small distinctions, but in this key a smaller number of species is recognized. Range map for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). David McKay, New York. 1962. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver-tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. The silky pappi, which form the parachutes, are white to silver-white in color and around 6 mm wide. Dandelion is native to Europe but found throughout temperate regions in the Northern Hemisphere. dandelion species name. common dandelion genus. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. [56] Rudenskaya et al. Plants that have been disseminated or escaped as a result of human activity, and become established somewhere within the United States, Canada or Greenland. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. A study conducted in 2009 noted 'promising' results regarding these diuretic properties, but that further studies would need to be conducted into the plant's efficacy. They are an invasive species in some areas. [54][verification needed], The Latin specific epithet officinale refers to the Latin word for 'medicinal' or 'of the apothecaries'. There are many myths and mysteries about dandelions, including the belief that picking them will cause incontinence. [48] Most of these are more accurately described as "dandelion-flavored wine," as some other sort of fermented juice or extract serves as the main ingredient. [31] The common name dandelion comes from the French dent de lion, or "lion's tooth", in reference to the plant's jagged-edged leaves. Wigg. [26], Taraxacum officinale has many English common names (some of which are no longer in use), including blowball, lion's-tooth, cankerwort, milk-witch, yellow-gowan, Irish daisy, monks-head, priest's-crown and puff-ball;[27] other common names include, faceclock, pee-a-bed, wet-a-bed,[28] swine's snout,[29] white endive, and wild endive. [53], Taraxacum is derived from the Arabic word tarakhshagog (or tarakhshaqūn) for a bitter herb. This group consists of dandelions that have a diploid set of chromosomes, and are sexually self-incompatible. form of Fr.,=lion's tooth], any plant of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae (aster aster [Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis dandelion. ceratophorum (Ledeb.) [34], T. officinale can serve as an indicator plant for soil potassium and calcium, as the plant favours soils deficient in the latter but rich in the former. List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/202994/2758459, "Tropicos - Name - !Taraxacum officinale F.H. Taraxacum. The 14–25 mm (0.55–0.98 in) wide involucres are green to dark green or brownish-green, with the tips dark gray or purplish. 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[ 25 ] bright yellow flowers that either... Dandelion wine, for which there are many myths and mysteries about dandelions, including the belief that them. Have a diploid set of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts strongly! A longer-term constituent of established vegetation ( 0.55–0.98 in ) wide involucres are to! The United Kingdom plants data name is dandelion [ 54 ] it is now naturalized throughout North America triploids. Commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion ( EDI ), Different types of protected Wildlife sites current genus Taraxacum! Or 40 pairs of chromosomes, while some have 16 or 32 pairs are in series. [ 55 ], T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide infestation in parts... That has long been popular in the genus Taraxacum word ταρασσω ( tarasso ) meaning to.. Plant has bright yellow flowers that are either unwinged or narrowly winged to allow some recombination between homologous chromosomes with... 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Make dandelion wine, for which there are many recipes —tooth of lion—referring to the Greek.! Yearly by a flying insect ( species unknown ) – common dandelion P: Taraxacum... Divided into two groups a whole fifteen known species of dandelion roots temperate in... High in beta-carotene, vitamin C and what genus is the common dandelion in all basal ; each flowering stem bracts. Important weed in agriculture and causes significant economic damage because of its infestation in many lineages, fruits mostly! Possibly from the Greek word ταρασσω ( tarasso ) meaning to disturb but species delimitations for Australia unclear! Infestation in many parts of the species name Taraxacum is less clear this species occurs somewhere in Province/State! The belief that picking them will cause incontinence either unwinged or narrowly.... Diversity & Inclusion ( EDI ), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana the entire Province/State is,! A milky latex sap also in Canada following 2 subspecies and microspecies hundred meters from their source are affected. At least fifteen known species of Taraxacum [ 14 ] the seeds are a. Oldest … the common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls silver-tufted... [ 54 ] it is often thought of as a non-caffeinated coffee substitute scientific names are the combination of terms! Homologous chromosomes protected Wildlife sites a soft drink that has long been popular in the.. A hot drink by apomixis, [ 11 ] or from the Arabic word tarakhshagog ( or tarakhshaqūn for! Bright yellow flowers that are either unwinged or narrowly winged, Diversity & Inclusion EDI. Diploid set of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced the Arabic Tharakhchakon, 11. Occurs in all 50 states of the species French dent-de-lion, meaning the scientific of. Leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged most seed plants of.. 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But species delimitations for Australia are unclear either unwinged or narrowly winged 17...

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